top of page
Sowing Verbascum in Spring

Understanding the lifecycles of different plants is essential for garden planning, as it helps gardeners select appropriate species for their needs and desired landscape effects. Whether creating a vibrant annual flowerbed or establishing a long-lasting perennial garden, choosing plants with suitable lifecycles contributes to successful and sustainable gardening practices.

Plant Lifecycles


They complete their entire lifecycle, from germination to seed production, within a single growing season. They typically germinate, grow, flower, produce seeds, and die within one year.  They are often used for quick seasonal colour displays or to fill in gaps in flowerbeds.

Hardy Annuals 

Similar to annuals but can tolerate cooler temperatures so will overwinter with a little protection. They typically germinate and grow in the autumn, overwinter as seedlings, and then resume growth and flower in the following spring or summer  with 


Have a two-year lifecycle. In the first year, they germinate and grow vegetatively, producing leaves and storing energy in their roots or stems. In the second year, they flower, produce seeds, and then die. 

Short Lived Perrenials

Also known as tender perennials or semi-perennials, typically live for several years but may only last for a few years in harsh conditions or if not well-maintained. These plants may flower profusely for a season or two before declining. 


Live for multiple years, regrowing from the same root system each year. They may go through periods of dormancy during colder seasons before regrowing and flowering again in the following growing season, providing continuous beauty year after year.

Sowing Nigella in Autumn
Sowing Perennialsfrom Seed
Borage  Annual Flowers
Dahlia Tubers
Growing From seed
bottom of page